Friday, February 27, 2015


Marijuana has many names. Mary Jane. Pot. Weed. Swag. Ganja - are just some of the old classics. To the addiction treatment community, those who understand the progression of the disease, it's often referred to as "The Gateway Drug."

It's no mystery that marijuana is a starting point for young people. Experimentation stage's clear drug of choice. The addictive qualities or potential dependence on marijuana has been debated for years. Most agree that marijuana is a lower threat than most drugs, especially physically - however psychologically, it is common for users to become highly dependent. So although we don't see many admissions for marijuana addiction, we have learned that it plays a major role in various stages of addiction.

For adolescents, heavy use of cannabis can have serious long term effects on the brain. Thinking and memory suffer and the effects can last a long time or even be permanent. According to, a recent study of marijuana users who began using in adolescence revealed substantially reduced connectivity among brain areas responsible for learning and memory. And a large long-term study in New Zealand showed that people who began smoking marijuana heavily in their teens lost an average of 8 points in IQ between age 13 and age 38. Importantly, the lost cognitive abilities were not fully restored in those who quit smoking marijuana as adults. Those who started smoking marijuana in adulthood did not show significant IQ declines.

Despite this, marijuana is regarded by many as relatively harmless when compared to other "hardcore" drugs. And it is extremely easy to acquire, even by kids. Easy to get and regarded as safe, non-addictive; no big deal. Brothers introduce pot to their little sisters. Moms and dads share a joint with their older offspring.

And now, several states are moving towards legalization. Colorado has implemented the plan and has reaped the benefits of a state revenue increase. Furthermore, there hasn't been an increase in crime rate. It is up for debate as to whether these two facts point to ultimate success for legalization.

Communication surrounding marijuana is more disarming than ever, and now there is an even easier to get, seemingly safer, synthetic version of marijuana. It's available in smoke shops, bodegas, and convenient stores. The package reads "natural and safe," and it is available for purchase to anyone, virtually anywhere.

It goes by the name of "Spice." And although it is more accessible than the real MJ, it is potentially more dangerous.

Synthetic cannabis comes in many forms. Liquid eye drops, vaporizing devices, e-cigarettes and the traditional smokable substance that resembles actual marijuana. It's being purchased - mainly by teens, and it is leading to ER visits across the country.

Numerous hospitalizations in Michigan prompted the Macomb County Health Department to issue an emergency warning and ban on the sale of these drugs, which are reported to cause hallucinations, aggressive behavior, racing heartbeat, drowsiness, and vomiting.

Synthetic cannabis use has recently resulted in over 150 hospital visits in Baton Rouge and Lafayette, LA in October, prompting the governor to ban the drug in that state. It is reported to cause severe agitation, anxiety, and paranoia; raised heartbeat and blood pressure; nausea and vomiting; muscle spasms, seizures, and tremors; intense hallucinations and psychotic episodes, including suicidal fixations and other harmful thoughts.

Similarly in New Hampshire, Governor Maggie Hassan declared a State of Emergency as a result of overdoses from synthetic cannaboid. So too has the Health Department in New York after a spike in ER visits.

Unlike the real mccoy, "Spice" masquerades as a safer, non-narcotic version of marijuana. In reality, many of the makers lie to its consumers - who are usually unsuspecting adolescents. In fact, with the DEA constantly attempting to pinpoint which chemicals to ban, the makers of the drug, have had to become clever with ever-changing combinations to stay off the agency's list.

Makers of designer drugs that are chemically similar to marijuana’s active ingredient THC—called synthetic cannabinoids or colloquially “synthetic marijuana” or “synthetic pot”—are constantly creating new products to evade legal bans on older compounds. Despite the similarity on the molecular level, these drugs are much more dangerous than marijuana, and have resulted in very serious health consequences including overdoses and aggressive or suicidal behavior in users.

Labels on Spice products often claim that they contain "natural" psycho-active material taken from a variety of plants. Spice products do contain dried plant material, but chemical analyses show that their active ingredients are synthetic (or designer) cannabinoid compounds.

Marijuana is heading towards legalization in many states. This, coupled with the argument that it is less harmful than alcohol and other prescribed medications, communicates a confusing message to our youth. It's legal so it must be safe? No way. But they don't know this. 

When young people see what's labeled as an even safer version of pot, what will they do? Variety can be the spice of life, yes. But this variety... of imposter chemical compounds and designer drugs is a far more dangerous concoction than it's original model.

Hemet Valley Recovery Center & Sage Retreat offers a full continuum of care including: Acute Medical Detoxification, Rehabilitation, Residential, Partial Hospitalization and Recovery Residences.

Call Hemet Valley Recovery Center & Sage Retreat 866.273.0868 or visit our website.

Wednesday, February 4, 2015


There are some people who believe that certain psychological disorders are bogus.

Some believe that we are an overdiagnosed society of excuse- makers, enabled by quacks who make up disorders comprised of catchy buzz-worthy jargon... Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD), Dyslexia, Bipolar Disorder, and Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD), to name a few.

"I can't study. I like, think I have ADD." 
"Don't screw with me today, you know that I'm totally bipolar."   

The way people casually utter these terms, self- diagnosing very serious conditions is disturbing. It often leads to the dismissal of the disorder by those who only hear about it in this sort of everyday speak. It leads to an eye-roll reaction whenever such disorders arise in conversation.

Part of this misconception is a lack of understanding. Part of it is the lexicon of society.

Of course the fact that certain folks ignorantly describe a simple mood change as bipolar, or a simple distraction as ADD, doesn't mean that they are actually afflicted by the disorder. It certainly doesn't warrant taking them seriously.

However, nor does it mean that these disorders aren't real - because they are very real. If you have ever witnessed bipolar disease first-hand, you'd understand it in a hurry. Seasonal Addictive Disorder (SAD) is another example. No, it isn't just the "winter blues." Most people probably experience a dip in mood. SAD can be much more and for those in recovery, the winter months can be the most trying time of year.

SAD is especially dangerous for people in drug or alcohol addiction recovery. The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) reports that drug and alcohol abuse is a common problem among patients who are diagnosed with depressive disorders like SAD, reporting that more than 20-percent of patients diagnosed with any mood disorder are also living with a substance abuse problem. Additionally, NIDA found that more than 20-percent of those diagnosed with a depression disorder abused drugs and alcohol.

What is especially dangerous to those new in recovery, is that they may not be aware of what's triggering their depression. SAD can cause for a strong desire to self-medicate - a temporary fix, that can lead to a recovery relapse. Relapses in recovery can either pose a one-time set-back, lead to a new extended period of abuse, or can very often be fatal.

Overwhelming sadness, numbness, isolation, sleep disorders, feelings of hopelessness, are all symptoms of SAD. It is tempting, if medications are not being prescribed or used properly, for people suffering from SAD and addiction to turn to their old friend - their drug of choice.

SAD and self-medication is a deadly concoction for anyone and most of all, the addict in recovery. Temporary relief of the symptoms leads to a sinking depression once the alcohol or drugs leave the body. This withdrawal is only worsened with SAD and each time an abused substance wears off, the negative feelings are exacerbated, triggering you guessed it - more abuse. It's what we know as "the vicious cycle," and SAD only provides fuel to it.

When those in recovery, especially those new to the lifestyle - lose hope or joy in sobriety, they naturally will miss their addiction and develop strong cravings.

We all feel a little blue when we don't get enough sunlight. It happens every winter and we know it's coming. However, SAD is a real disorder that can trigger a major setback in the recovery process. The good news is, that once the problem is identified, and SAD is diagnosed, it is almost always possible to bring the depression and addiction under control. Light therapy, medication, and other forms of treatment are available. It is imperative for everyone, and especially those in recovery - to be self-aware of the symptoms of SAD.

Hemet Valley Recovery Center & Sage Retreat offers a full continuum of care including: Acute Medical Detoxification, Rehabilitation, Residential, Partial Hospitalization and Recovery Residences.

Call Hemet Valley Recovery Center & Sage Retreat 866.273.0868 or visit our website.

Some of the possible causes for seasonal affective disorder include:
- Lack of sunlight may lead to a drop in serotonin levels, an important neurotransmitter that is important for managing mood.

- Melatonin levels can also be affected by seasonal changes. This compound is found in the body and affects sleep patterns as well as mood.

- The lengthening and shortening of days can affect people’s biological clock, or circadian rhythm. This can lead to problems with sleeping, which in turn triggers depressive symptoms.

- There may be a genetic predisposition towards developing SAD. It has also been noted that women tend to be more susceptible to it than men.

The symptoms of SAD can include:
- A noticeable drop in energy levels

- Depression

- Weight gain, which is often due to an increased desire to eat foods high in carbohydrates

-  Difficulty with concentration

- Feelings of anxiety

- A desire to seek isolation from other people

- Loss of interest in activities that are normally enjoyable

- Reluctance to get out of bed in the morning

- Inability to sleep (summer onset SAD)

- Increased libido (summer onset SAD)

It is important to consider that once people experience these symptoms, medical advice should be sought right away.